Nat Ma Taung (Mount Victoria)
Chin State is a state of Myanmar. Its capital is Hakhar. There are 14 townships in the Chin State: Cikha, Hakha, Falam, Kanpalet, Matupi, Rezua, Mindat, Paletwa, Rihkhuadar, Thantlang, Teddim, Tuithang and Tonzang. To the north and east of Chin State is Sagaing Division, to the south are Magway Division and Rakhine State, to the west are Bangladesh and India. The Chin are made up of many sub-groups which although historically related now speak divergent languages and have different cultural and historical identities. There is a beautiful heart shape lake called “Reh” close to the Indian border. Mt. Victoria can also be climbed. Tourists can also visit the Nat-Ma-Taung or the Mt. Victoria nature park in the Chin State.
Nat Ma Taung (Mount Victoria) National Park
Nat Ma Taung (Natma Taung) in Myanmar language and Khonuamthung in the local Chin language (also known as Mount Victoria in colonial times) is situated in the beautiful but little-visited Nat Ma Taung National Park, which has an area of approximately 460 km2.
At 3,053 metres, Nat Ma Taung is the tallest peak in the Chin Hills and third tallest in Myanmar. The Chin Hills are a range of mountains that comprise a southern extension of the eastern Himalayas and are linked to Manipur in India and beyond. This formerly remote area was not visited by ornithologists until the early part of the 20th century and remains relatively unexplored today. It is home to a rich variety of rare and beautiful birds, many with eastern Himalayan affinities, including the endemic White-browed Nuthatch and Burmese Tit. The flora is characterised by pine forest, oak forest, evergreen forest, bamboo and grasslands, dependent on altitude. Between November and early March, the area is ablaze with the blooms of rhododendrons. The area has been awarded ASEAN Heritage Park status and is considered of Outstanding Universal Value by UNESCO
Hakhar is the capital of Chin State in Myanmar. The city is 6120 ft above sea level and it lies at the foot of Rungtlang (Mount Rung), which is about 7543 ft high, and is one of the most famous and beautiful mountain peaks in the Chin State.
January is the coldest month of the year with a mean temperature of around 27 degrees Celsius. April is the hottest month at a mean of 36 degrees. The total rainfall is about 86.22 inches every year. The total area of Hakhar is about 12.50 sq miles. Hakhar is in the center of Chin State and it is connected with Thantlang, Falam, Gangaw and Matupi by truck roads. Hakhar was founded in around A.D 1400 by the Laimi ethnic group. There were only 30 houses at that time and the area was ruled by local chiefs for many generations. After the second World War, Hakhar became an important city as the headquarter for one of the sis subdivisions in the Chin Special Division and Falam was the capital in that time. The Chin Special division was abolished and formed the Chin State in 1974 and Hakhar became the capital for the Chin State. That brought an influx of government workers, housing development and extension of the city limits. Hakhar eventually became the largest city in the Chin State with about 20,000 people.
It lies at the confluence of Neyinzaya and Myittha Rivers in Kalemyo, Chin State. It was one of the 84,000 pagodas sponsored by King Thiri Dhamma Thawka as- it was built under the reign of (wing Landapala in Sakarit 225 enshrining the relics sent by King Thiri Dhamma Thawka. It is over 300 years older than the city of Kale as the city was built on the 5th waning moon day of Tabodwe, Kawza Sakarit 328. In Sakarit 450, King Alaung Sithu of Bagan got to the venue of the pagoda and had it repaired while the barge was at rest. The pagoda has been repaired successively by lay people and it is now standing in full splendour.